Friday, 17 February 2017

Journey to the Southern Cone: Part 4 (Farellones)

January 10, 2016 (continued)

Mountains are some of my favorite places to explore. The scenery is always spectacular and the species assemblage changes dramatically with subsequent changes in elevation, always keeping things interesting. We planned on visiting two locations high in the Chilean Andes near Santiago. Our first stop would be Parques de Farellones, a popular ski resort during the winter that happens to double as an excellent birding location throughout the rest of the year. Our little Chevrolet rental car struggled to make it up and around some of the steeper switchbacks, even when I had it firmly in first gear. Slowly but surely we crawled up the mountain, stopping occasionally to enjoy the scenery while also scanning for birds. 

Parques de Farellones, Chile

Since this was out first time visiting the Andes on this trip, we added quite a few new trip birds - 22 in total - of which 20 were life birds for myself. An enjoyable morning of productive birding, and a great taste of what the Andes had to offer.

We were successful in finding a Chilean Tinamou that was calling persistently from a distant hillside, and scored some other great birds including Cordilleran Canestero, Dusky Tapaculo, several species of sierra-finch and Chilean Flicker.  We also spotted an Andean Condor soaring way up in the sky, several kilometers away. Fortunately we would see many more later in the day.

Dave and Adam at Parques de Farellones, Chile

Rufous-banded Miner is the default miner species in these mountains. They proved to be abundant around every turn when we were in the right elevation range. We tried to turn some of them into the similar looking but extremely localized Creamy-rumped Miner, to no avail.

Rufous-banded Miner - Parques de Farellones, Chile

Our little Chevrolet struggled but eventually made it all the way to the top and we parked near the ski resort. We walked around for a while, looking for ground-tyrants and other high elevation birds. Due to the altitude it was hard catching our breath, and we needed to stop several times when climbing a small rise.

birding - Parques de Farellones, Chile

We were successful in turning up a handful of ground-tyrants, including Ochre-naped and White-browed, while Greater Yellow-finches flew overhead and flitted along the mountain ridges. We also spent some time watching the antics of a colony of Coruros, an interesting little rodent endemic to Central Chile.

White-browed Ground-Tyrant - Parques de Farellones, Chile

At the ski resort we were surprised to see Andean Condors sitting on the roof of the hotel! I guess they are pretty tame here. It was pretty spectacular watching these giant birds soaring only a few meters from us. 

Andean Condor (on roof of hotel) - Parques de Farellones, Chile

Andean Condor - Parques de Farellones, Chile

Andean Condor - Parques de Farellones, Chile

A walk along a flowing creek proved to be ridiculously birdy and we added quite a few new species here. Among them were Magellanic Tapaculo,Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant, Scale-throated Earthcreeper and White-sided Hillstar. Looking back, I do not have photos of any of these four species, which is really too bad, looking back. I guess I must not have taken my camera with me. We eventually encountered Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant, Gray-flanked Cincoldes and Dark-bellied Cinclodes in this general area as well.

It was a successful few hours in Parques de Farellones, though we did not come across Creamy-rumped Miner and Mountain Caracara, two of our main targets here. Can't get them all I guess!

Since we were doing this trip without the use of any local guides and we had limited amounts of time available to search each location, that ultimately meant that we would miss some target species. However the slight drawbacks are worth it in my opinion, as there is a sort of satisfaction that you get when you do your own research and come across a difficult species without having to rely on someone's guaranteed spot. It is a lot cheaper too! That being said, it is a little painful when you miss out on a few target species because of this strategy.

Andean Condor - Parques de Farellones, Chile

We ascended back down from the mountains and drove across to Santiago, where we had hoped to find a place to stay in the southeast portion of the City; a suburb called Puente Alto. We stopped for some Chinese food at a little restaurant in town. Unfortunately it was some of the worst fake-Chinese food I had ever eaten. After filling up on our yearly dose of MSG we drove around for a while, trying to find a hostel or somewhere to stay. Asking for directions in a gas station, we were informed that there were not any places to stay in this area and that it can be dangerous at night. The city did not look too welcoming so we decided that the option of sleeping in the car in the mountains sounded more appealing.

We found a nice secluded spot and prepared for our first night of camping. Fortunately I had decided to pack a thermorest and a light sleeping bag, so I slept outside under the stars while Dave and Adam cozied up together in the car.

camping along the road to El Yeso, Chile

Saturday, 4 February 2017

Black-headed Gull at Port Weller

Those who pay attention to the "birding scene" here in Ontario are undoubtedly aware of the Black-headed Gull that has been making the rounds at various locations in Niagara Region over the past few months. It was first discovered by two groups of birders back on December 3, 2016, as the gull flew down the river to roost on Lake Ontario for the night. The first group included Alex Wiebe, Augie Kramer, Eric Sibbald, Jeremy Collison, Max Kirsch, Read Barbee and Sarah Toner; they had the gull near the power plants heading downriver. A few minutes later, Ed Poropat and Jim Hopkins had it fly past them at the mouth of the Niagara River (Niagara-on-the-Lake). In the following days and weeks, the adult Black-headed Gull became a mainstay at the Whirlpool, one of the better gull-watching sites on the lower Niagara River, but it was also seen at several other locations along the lower Niagara River. While by no means guaranteed at the Whirlpool, it was fairly reliable and most birders who tried to find it were successful in the end. Since the Whirlpool is a two minute drive from my house I was lucky to view it a half dozen times from here, though I also struck out on about half my visits! 

While the Whirlpool is a great spot to scan for small gulls, it does not provide much by way of photographic opportunities since you are shooting way down towards the river from the top of the gorge. This is all I could manage during the one occasion I attempted photography of the Black-headed Gull. Identifiable, but that's about the only good thing about this image!

Black-headed Gull at the Whirlpool (December 4, 2016)

Since early January the Black-headed Gull has ventured further afield and sightings from the Whirlpool have been sporadic at best. This is around the time that Bonaparte's Gulls become much less numerous on the river, as they do by mid-winter each year. As a result, the Black-headed Gull has now resorted to hanging out with Ring-billed Gulls and Herring Gulls. 

Dan MacNeal was the first to discover the Black-headed Gull away from its usual haunts along the river, when he spotted it at the famous Slaty-backed Gull spot in Thorold on January 17, though it did not stick around very long. Below is a map of eastern Niagara Region with pins identifying each of the locations where it has been seen. 


On Thursday February 2, Ryan Griffiths was the next lucky individual to come across the bird away from the river, as he found it at the water outflow at Lock 1 of the Welland Canal in Port Weller. He took some phenomenal photos of the bird as it flew around with the other gulls, photos that made me just a tad jealous! Port Weller is a place I bird as often as I can and it is perhaps my favorite spot in the county, apart from Wainfleet Bog, and Black-headed Gull would be a great new addition to my Port Weller list! Plus of course, it is not too often that one gets a chance to study Black-headed Gull from up close in Ontario. 

I cleared my schedule for today to go birding and so Port Weller was first on my agenda. I checked the water outflow first but there was no Black-headed Gull in sight. I was not too surprised, this bird had been seen in a variety of locations and apart from at the Whirlpool, it had not stuck around for very long at any location. I decided to drive over to Jones Beach with plans to walk the Port Weller east pier.

Black-headed Gull - Port Weller, Niagara Region

I made it about a kilometre down the pier before abandoning my plans due to the excessive wind that was not making it easy to scan things with my scope. On the walk back, a big group of gulls that had been roosting on an ice flow in the lake all got up at once and started flying my way. I noticed a smaller gull with some of them and was surprised to see that it was the Black-headed! It was pretty cool to watch it fly less than 30 feet over my head, its bright red bill lit up by the morning sun. Certainly the best looks I have ever had of this species in North America, though I couldn't help but feel a twinge of pain as I thought of my camera resting safely in my vehicle. 

The gulls appeared to be heading down the canal towards the water outflow at Lock 1. I speed-walked back to my car (if it was a Ross's Gull, I would have been in a dead sprint, scope and everything) and drove back around to the water outfall. Sure enough, the Black-headed Gull was there.

Black-headed Gull - Port Weller, Niagara Region


The lighting was harsh but I made the most of the sixty seconds or so that I had with the gull and fired off a few usable frames. Some of the ID features can be seen in the above photo, namely the black colouration on the undersides of its primaries, and the deep red bill (though difficult to see well due to the harsh lighting). In its breeding plumage, Black-headed Gull has a neat, dark brown hood, but during the winter it is mostly white headed with a small black dot or crescent on its cheek, much like Bonaparte's Gull. It also happens to be one of the poorest-named bird species I know of. 

Black-head Gull - Port Weller, Niagara Region

I only had a few chances at photos before it took off for the south, flying high in the sky and cruising along the length of the canal. I stayed at Lock 1 for an additional hour or so, studying the other gulls, and the Black-headed did not return. Given this bird's tendencies I consider myself pretty lucky to have came across it today!